The proliferation, cell cycle, apoptosis, invasion of SKOV-3, ES-2 and HUVEC cells induced by hypoxia. The SKOV-3, ES-2 and HUVEC cells were cultured for 3 or 7 d in normoxia or hypoxia conditions before proliferation, cell cycle (S-phage), apopotosis and invasion detected by MTT, FCM (for cell cycle and apoptosis) and Transwell as shown in methods. A. The proliferation of three cells by MTT. B. The S-phase ratio in three cells by FCM. C. The apoptosis of three cells detected by FCM. D and E. The numbers of cells invasion through the membrane indicated by Transwell after incubated for 3 days (D) or 7 days (E). Data were shown in Mean ± S.D. from three separate experiments with the similar result. * and ** indicates P < 0.05 and P < 0.01 vs. Normoxia.