SP cell and non-SP cells analysis. (A and C) Representative side populations (SP) were identified in the P3 gate on the flow cytometry profile after the cells were stained with Hoechst 33342, (B and D): The SP cells in both HCC cells and fetal liver cells disappeared (0.0%) when cells are treated with 50 μM verapamil. (E-H) Analysis of stem cell marker expression on the surfaces of SP and non-SP cells. The number within each histogram represents the percentage of CD90.1 positive cells. (I-K) Quantitative analysis of AFP and CK-7 genes expression applied to sorted SP cells and non-SP cells by using Real-time RT-PCR. Data were normalized by using GAPDH housekeeping gene as endogenous control. (* P < 0.05, ** P < 0.01). (L-M) Western-blotting analysis of AFP and CK-7 protein expression in SP cells and non-SP cells. The relative expressions of protein were calculated through comparing with GAPDH protein.