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Table 1 Alcoholic strength and acetaldehyde content of alcoholic beverages and the resulting salivary acetaldehyde concentrations

From: Short-term salivary acetaldehyde increase due to direct exposure to alcoholic beverages as an additional cancer risk factor beyond ethanol metabolism

     Salivary acetaldehyde [μM]a
Alcoholic beverage Alcoholic strength
[% vol]
Acetaldehydeb
[μM]
Number of assessorsf 0.5 min 2 min 5 min 10 min
Beerc 5 210 1 98 ± 4 113 ± 13 44 ± 6 n.d.e
Ciderc 5.5 2529 4 428 ± 159 202 ± 72 70 ± 41 26 ± 7
Winec 13 474 3 315 ± 288 225 ± 117 115 ± 62 39 ± 30
Calvadosd 15g 411 2 93 ± 59 51 ± 16 27 ± 10 n.d.e
Sherryc 15 2583 3 291 ± 117 114 ± 77 68 ± 25 n.d.e
Vodkad 16g n.d. 3 56 ± 11 59 ± 30 36 ± 27 n.d.e
Calvadosc 40 1095 2 194 ± 70 134 ± 5 91 ± 7 68 ± 37
Vodkad 40 n.d. 2 220 ± 185 125 ± 87 96 ± 81 83 ± 64
Vodkac 40 n.d. 10 116 ± 31 86 ± 61 67 ± 25 21 ± 21
Grape marc spiritd 40 11120 1 231 ± 137 41 ± 32 26 ± 12 32 ± 15
Grape marc spiritd 40 9444 2 554 ± 359 187 ± 116 46 ± 10 94 ± 100
Tequilac 40 530 1 143 ± 54 164 ± 35 131 ± 47 59 ± 18
Grape marc spiritc 41 15197 4 1074 ± 399 256 ± 117 90 ± 60 58 ± 39
Grape marc spiritd 41 15851 3 625 ± 231 243 ± 211 103 ± 71 86 ± 69
Cherry spiritc 43 8522 1 856 ± 17 337 ± 42 123 ± 25 41 ± 9
  1. a Salivary acetaldehyde before use was not detectable (< 20 μM) in all cases. Average and standard deviation of all assessors are shown (in the case of n = 1, the average and standard deviation of the two replications per assessor are shown).
  2. b Acetaldehyde directly contained in the alcoholic beverage as determined with GC analysis.
  3. c Enzymatic analysis of salivary acetaldehyde.
  4. d GC analysis of salivary acetaldehyde.
  5. e Not detectable (< 20 μM).
  6. f Two replications were conducted with each assessor on different days.
  7. g Dilution of a commercial product at 40% vol with distilled water