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Figure 4 | Journal of Experimental & Clinical Cancer Research

Figure 4

From: Silibinin induces apoptosis via calpain-dependent AIF nuclear translocation in U87MG human glioma cell death

Figure 4

Effect of silibinin on mitochondrial membrane potential (MMP). Cells were exposed to 30 μM silibinin for 6 h (A) and various times (B). The MMP was estimated by the uptake of a membrane potential-sensitive fluorescence dye DiCO6(3). The fluorescence intensity was analyzed using FACS analysis. Data in (B) are mean ± SEM of three independent experiments performed in duplicate. *p < 0.05 compared with control. (C) Effect of inhibitors of calpain and PKC and antioxidant on silibinin-induced disruption of MMP. Cells were exposed to 30 μM silibinin for 6 h in the presence or absence of 0.5 μM calpain inhibitor (CHO), 1 μM GF 109203X (GF), 1 μM rottlerin (Ro), and 800 units/ml catalase (Cat). The MMP was measured as described above. Data are mean ± SEM of four independent experiments performed in duplicate. *p < 0.05 compared with silibinin alone.

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