Nm23 down-regulates ITGA5 expression. Nm23 regulates cell invasion through ITGA5 expression. (A) ITGA5 mRNA levels were determined by qRT-PCR in T47D cells treated with 0.5% v/v ethanol and overexpressing Nm23, independently and in combination. Alcohol promotes ITGA5 mRNA expression approximately nine-fold. This effect was blocked by the overexpression of Nm23. (B) Western blot shows Nm23 and ITGA5 protein level in T47D cells with ethanol treatment, Nm23 overexpression, and in combination. (C) Western blots show Nm23 and ITGA5 protein level in MCF-7 (left) and MDA-MB-231 (right) cells following various doses of ethanol treatment. (*p < 0.05, as compared to the control cells transfected with empty vector).