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Table 3 Changes of immunologic parameters before induction of anaesthesia (T0), 6–8 hours post-surgery (T1) and 5 days post-surgery (T2) in patients who underwent TIVA-TCI and BAL anesthesia

From: Immunomodulatory effects of total intravenous and balanced inhalation anesthesia in patients with bladder cancer undergoing elective radical Cystectomy: preliminary results

  T0 T1 T2
  TIVA-TCI BAL TIVA-TCI BAL TIVA-TCI BAL
IL-1β (pg/ml) 0.58 ± 0.53 0.59 ± 0.53 0.57 ± 0.48 0.62 ± 0.52 0.60 ± 0.53 0.69 ± 0.50
IFN-γ (pg/ml) 0.55 ± 0.48 0.57 ± 0.41 0.53 ± 0.42 0.58 ± 0.51 1.07 ± 0.48 (p) 0.58 ± 0.58 (p)
TNF-α (pg/ml) 0.94 ± 0.64 0.76 ± 0.74 0.72 ± 0.45 0.98 ± 1.01 1.88 ± 1.18 (q) 1.28 ± 1.10 (q)
IL-2 (pg/ml) 20.99 ± 4.22 21.33 ± 5.10 20.24 ± 3.02 23.38 ± 6.22 18.46 ± 2.30 21.21 ± 6.70
IL-6 (pg/ml) 5.35 ± 4.37 (a,b) 4.28 ± 3.27 (e,f) 132.59 ± 37.91 (a) 132.81 ± 54.23 (e) 53.60 ± 111.20 (b) 40.76 ± 50.82 (f)
IL-10 (pg/ml) 1.50 ± 0.21 1.48 ± 0.15 1.46 ± 0.31 1.50 ± 0.16 1.55 ± 0.29 1.51 ± 0.21
Leucocytes (%) 7.79 ± 3.22 9.30 ± 4.73 11.98 ± 3.99 13.09 ± 4.65 9.54 ± 2.25 9.14 ± 3.57
Lymphocytes (%) 16.76 ± 11.23 (c,d) 12.94 ± 12.33 (l) 6.02 ± 5.45 (c) 7.97 ± 6.36 (l,m) 8.45 ± 8.66 (d) 11.80 ± 9.19 (m)
Tregs (%) 3.01 ± 1.16 3.34 ± 1.75 (n,o) 2.69 ± 0.97 2.45 ± 2.22 (n) 2.79 ± 1.32 2.41 ± 1.27 (o)
Neutrophils (%) 48.30 ± 30.42 54.11 ± 22.27 67.56 ± 31.16 62.70 ± 30.54 58.50 ± 28.09 63.30 ± 20.23
Monocytes (%) 5.34 ± 4.40 5.64 ± 3.36 4.58 ± 3.67 4.57 ± 3.74 6.61 ± 4.14 6.65 ± 3.82
Eosinophils (%) 1.73 ± 1.26 4.98 ± 4.46 (g) 1.17 ± 3.05 0.80 ± 1.38 (g,h) 2.23 ± 1.63 4.65 ± 2.87 (h)
Basophils (%)† 1.30 ± 2.45 0.48 ± 0.27 (i) 0.22 ± 0.16 0.20 ± 0.27 (i) 0.60 ± 0.48 0.37 ± 0.24
  1. Values are presented as mean ± SD.
  2. Statistical analysis:
  3. TIVA-TCI : (a) T0 vs T1 p = 0.005, (b)T0 vs T2 p = 0.005; (c) T0 vs T1 p = 0.01, (d) T0 vs T2 p = 0.05.
  4. BAL : (e) T0 vs T1 p = 0.005, (f) T0 vs T2 p = 0.005; (g) T0 vs T1 p = 0.005, (h) T1 vs T2 p = 0.002; (i) T0 vs T1 p = 0.01; (l) T0 vs T1 p = 0.04, (m) T1 vs T2 p = 0.03 ; (n) T0 vs T1 p = 0-02, (o)T0 vs T2 p = 0.03.
  5. TIVA-TCI vs. BAL : (p) p = 0.01 ; (q) p = 0.04.