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Table 1 Correlation of RAR\( \gamma \) expression with patients’ clinicopathological variables in 56 cases of HCCC

From: RARγ-induced E-cadherin downregulation promotes hepatocellular carcinoma invasion and metastasis

Characteristics All cases (N = 56) RAR\( \gamma \) expression (%)
Low (n = 21) High (n = 35) \( \chi \) 2 value p value
Gender     0.221 0.639
 Male 47 17 30   
 Female 9 4 5   
Age (years)     1.026 0.311
  ≤ 50 15 4 11   
  > 50 41 17 24   
Tumor size (cm)     5.265 0.022
  ≤ 3 8 5 3   
  > 3 48 11 37   
Cirrhosis     0.076 0.783
 Negative 28 10 18   
 Positive 28 11 17   
HBV infection     0.327 0.567
 Negative   4 9   
 Positive   17 26   
Distant metastasis     8.443 0.004
 No 26 15 11   
 Yes 30 6 24   
TNM stage     8.310 0.004
 I/II 41 20 21   
 III/IV 15 1 14   
Differentiation     0.448 0.799
 Well 6 3 3   
 Moderate 25 9 16   
 Poor 25 9 16