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Retraction Note: Curcumin synergizes with 5-fluorouracil by impairing AMPK/ULK1-dependent autophagy, AKT activity and enhancing apoptosis in colon cancer cells with tumor growth inhibition in xenograft mice
Journal of Experimental & Clinical Cancer Research volume 41, Article number: 197 (2022)
Retraction Note: J Exp Clin Cancer Res 36, 190 (2017)
The Editor-in-Chief is retracting this article. Concerns have been raised about the welfare of the mice used in this study. The Editor-in-Chief has not been able to obtain clarification on whether the tumour volume and the humane endpoints in the experiments described were approved by the institutional animal ethics committee. None of the authors has responded to correspondence from the Publisher about this retraction.
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Zhang, P., Lai, ZL., Chen, HF. et al. Retraction Note: Curcumin synergizes with 5-fluorouracil by impairing AMPK/ULK1-dependent autophagy, AKT activity and enhancing apoptosis in colon cancer cells with tumor growth inhibition in xenograft mice. J Exp Clin Cancer Res 41, 197 (2022). https://doi.org/10.1186/s13046-022-02409-y